Taiyuan (Pinyin Tàiyuán Shì) is the capital of Shanxi Province in the People’s Republic of China. As a district-free city, Taiyuan has an administrative area of 6,988 km² and about 5 million inhabitants. Taiyuan has a history of over 2500 years and was built under the name Jìnyáng in 497 BC. Taiyuan is now an important industrial location in northern China, where the main industries are: Coal mining, iron smelting and the production of stainless steel and aluminum. Taiyuan is home to the Taiyuan Cosmodrome, a smaller spaceport for satellite launches of China’s Long March carrier rocket.